Skip to content


This is a summary of the threats and challenges presented on Day One – in a clear format, and ideally written up on a flipchart. After the presentation, participants should be given an opportunity to discuss and make comments.



Required materials

Flipchart paper and marker pens.

Facilitation notes

This is a particularly useful process for groups that are struggling to shift from discussing the larger political aspects of their security challenges – that is, the underlying causes and drivers of insecurity in their context – to the specific challenges and threats that they, and their organisations, are facing. For example, while patriarchy, conflict and rising fundamentalism are key factors in the creation of an insecure environment for women human rights defenders, they are not the specific challenges that participants need to address at an integrated security workshop. Rather, the threat of rape, attacks on family members, aggressive slander in the media and/or kidnapping are the kind of very specific challenges that participants should seek to address on Day Two. An example of a contextual analysis prepared for the South Caucasus Integrated Security Workshop in 2009 is set out below:

Contextual Analysis

What are the Key Contextual Challenges in our Overall Environment?

  • Historic ‘Waves’ (Nationalusm, Post-communism, The Rose Revolution
  • Economic pressures
  • International relations
  • Conflict (‘Post’ and ‘Pre’)
  • Rising fundementalisms
  • Patriarchy/‘culture’
  • ’Imitation’ democracies

How do these Challenges affect our Operation environment?

Violence against womenFinancial support
Criminal influences/pressureCommunity support
Threats to indepedence and freedomRespect and protection
Freedom of expression
Freedom of movement

What are the Priority Threats to Activists an our Work?

Legal and administrative pressures from the State:Risk of physical violenceSlander/deflamationPsychological and physical healthThreats to family (and from family)
– Restrictive NGO laws
– Financial restrictions against NGO sector
– Beatings and rape
– Border crossings
– Arrest
– Detention
– Hostagetaking
– Disappearance
– Physical threats against family members
– Psychological pressure
– Economic pressure
– Criminalisation – calling activist spies, traitors, terrorists
– Uncertainty (don’t know the future, can’t plan), causes stress
– Difficulty in establishing psychological boundaries in the face of violence
– Effects on the psychical health
– Physical threats against family members;
– Psychological pressure
– Economic pressure
– Family members don’t agree with the work, try to restrict you